An Overview of Keloid Scars
A keloid scar is a result of a rapid and excessive growth of granular tissue at the location of a skin injury that has healed, which consequently is gradually replaced by collagen. They are distinctively different than hypertrophic scars as they are not raised scars, but firm, elastic lesions or shiny fibrous knots. Their color varies from pink to the color of the skin, or red to dark brown. They are benign and not contagious, but in some cases they involve sever itching, pain and alterations in their texture. They are seen 15 times more often in highly pigmented ethnic groups than Caucasians.
Keloids can develop in any location that an abrasion has occurred either this might be pimples, insect bites, burns, scratching, acne, vaccination spots, chickenpox scars, or other skin wound. They can also develop after surgery and they most commonly appear in the central chest, back, shoulders and ear lobes. Any skin type can contribute to keloid scarring and there is a genetic component involved, which means that if one or both parents has keloids the offspring will have them too.
In a keloid scar the tissue extends beyond the boundaries of the original wound, they do not usually retreat naturally or over time, they limit mobility if located close to a joint and there is a tendency for recurrence after surgical excision. If they continue to grow uncontrollably, medical advice should be sought as this indicates possible skin cancer.
Physically there is no distinction between the genders in the appearance of keloid scars. However females have a much higher rate of appearance, because of the much higher percentage and frequency of body and ear piercing than that of the males. The male population tends to leave keloids untreated due to the cultural idiosyncrasy that requires them to expose and display keloids as proof of manhood and toughness (the famous, or infamous, “manly scars”).
Treatment of keloid scars through medical avenues includes corticosteroid injections for the inflammation, pressure or silicone gel pads, application of radiation to reduce keloids, and surgery for removal. An alternative treatment involves freezing of the infected tissue in order to kill the skin cells.
However, the best option for treating keloid scars is the application of a prescription scar removal cream which is the preferred remedy by most keloid scar experts. The use of such creams also reduces the chances of the scar reappearing. Plus, there are generally no side effects of using these prescription creams, and there is no ‘pain’ involved either as seen in other treatments mentioned above.
Even if the scar is causing pain and there is more than mere discomfort issues involved, a physician may prescribe a medicinal compound with ingredients that address the specific issues of each scar. This is one of the biggest benefits of using these specially produced prescription creams as these are manufactured with compounds keeping individual’s requirements in mind.